Indian Railway Signalling Network Rail

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Safety is the paramount importance in any Transport system.

* Safety of traveling public

* Safety of the staff working and

* Safety of infrastructure.

Irregular working of staff is a threat to safety. Rules are framed for an uniform and systematic working.

* Unauthorized persons are not permitted at any work site.


Who is the authorized person?

* One who is competent and authorized by rules.

* Should be PTS (personal track safety) trained or protected by a COSS (Controller of Site Safety).

* Should be Inducted for site working.


General Safety

Safety Self and Others with you, Contractors, Public, Passengers, Trains, Accidents, Equipment & Infrastructure, Fire.


Personal safety

* Drugs and Alcohol –

* Medical Fitness –

* Competency in rules and regulations-

* Obeying Rules and special Instructions

* Communication with other members of the team

* Protecting clothing and equipment-

* Awareness of hazards at site

* Reporting of injuries and accidents



* You are considered on or near line if you are within 3 meters from the nearest line.

* on a platform this distance is 1.25metres from the platform edge

* Special arrangements are required when the speed of the trains is more than 125 mph.

* Use of mobiles is prohibited, if it endangers you or others working in any way.

* In all cases are emergencies, you are permitted to go without authority or competency

* Do not go near the line unless you have got work to do

* You should be either PTS trained or supervised by a COSS (Controller of Site Safety).

* Permitted to go in all cases of emergency


What you should know

* Right use of equipment

* Signal replacements,

* Track circuit operating clips

* Hand signals, indication boards, detonators

* Use of vehicles and tents near the line

* Working as a group or alone

* Working in electrified lines AC and DC

* Working in tunnels

* Management of accidents


Safety precautions

* Emergency Replacement of Signals:

* Securing the points

* Track circuit operating clips

* Hand signals and Detonators

* Railway Crossings, Gates etc:

* Working of road vehicles near the Rly. lines

* Use of Tents


Danger to trains

* Doors not closed properly

* Insecure load

* Vehicle on Fire

* Hot axle box

* Headlight not lit

* Tail lamp missing or not lit

* Driver sounding distress warning signals or showing a red light or any other such happening


Train Protection

* Information to be given to nearest signal box or to the person in charge.

* If the hazard can be removed, it may be removed, however it should not be attempted when you will be putting yourself in danger.


Line Protection

* Placing of detonators

* Providing Track circuit Operating clips

* Replacement of signals to danger

* Reaching a telephone or signal box etc.

* You must stay at the site until some one takes over from you or your are informed alternative protections are provided.

* Withdraw protection only when instructed


While traveling in trains

* Ensure only authorized persons are traveling in the driving cab.

* Ensure persons in the driving cab are not more than four.

* Ensure only authorized persons are traveling in empty coaching stock trains, Postal or parcels trains


Action during Accidents, Fire and Security

* Secure the train.

* Ensure no other train gets involved

* Get traction current switched off

* Call the emergency services

* You must not carry out tasks that you are not qualified to do.

* You must not put yourself or others in danger


Action during Accidents, Fire and Security

* Locate the emergency equipment

* Give as much information as possible.

* Watch for the arrival of emergency services

* Evacuate the train only when it is absolute necessary

* Advise the passengers to be in a safe place

* Preserve the evidence like driving controls, signaling equipment, rolling stock, line side equipment etc. at a serious accident.

* Report the accident with full details of accident and location

* Must prevent and put out fires in all types of locations

* Any suspicious objects should be reported.  Object should not be touched.

* Any explosion is suspected on or near the Railway, it should be reported to the nearest signaler and police.



* Must know how to use the Communication equipment.

* Make sure you are speaking to the right person

* Make sure you have properly understand the meaning of all safety messages whether they are given by phone, radio or face to face.

* Repeat the messages so the sender can be sure that you have understood the message.

* You must use the prescribed phonetic alphabet.


What is meant by blocking the line ?

When a work needs to be carried out on a running line, that Line should be blocked for  train services –

* when the trains running on that line might be affected by the work or

* Any person working on or near the line may be at risk while the trains running on that line.


Blocking in between the trains

* To be planned beforehand

* To be done with least interruptions to trains services


Duties of COSS

* Should make the arrangements for the type of protection agreed upon

* Inform the signaler the arrangements made.


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