Railway Electrification Advantages vs Disadvantages, Power supply

Indian Railway Signalling

Railway Electrification Advantages vs DisadvantagesPower supply


1. Increased track capacity – Locomotive – Faster and more powerful

2. Less fuel consumption – with employment of regenerative braking fuel consumption is further lowered

3. Electric locomotives are cheaper, have long life, are less complex, have greater reliability, compared to Diesel counterpart

4. Environment friendly


1. High basic capital cost

2. Possibility of electrical hazards

3. Visual intrusion of the overhead system

4. Electrical interference with communication systems


A C Electrification

A C Electrification traction supply system forms part of railway infrastructure owned and operated by Network Rail
System consists of Feeder stations, track sectioning cabins/locations, 25 KV overhead line contact system and associated SCADA systems

Power supply

Traction Power supplies are obtained generally from 132 KV National Grid system.
Supplies are taken by railway in duplicate as single phase current at 25 KV through 132/25 KV transformers, of 5 MVA to 26.5 MVA nominal capacity.

Supplies are taken to railway feeder stations. 

Nominal supply voltage – 25 KV – single phase – 50 Hz.

Normal voltage range – Varies between 27.5 KV to 16.5 KV. 

Normal frequency +/- 1%.


Power supply


Electrification fixed equipment

Electrification fixed equipment – All the line side equipment that is provided for supplying electricity to electric trains

Includes the following:

Overhead line equipment (OLE) and its structures and foundations

Track side switching stations

Booster transformers

Bonding arrangements


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